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Tribal people of Bangladesh

 

Nationality:
noun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi

Ethnic groups:
Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)

Languages:
Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English

Religions:
Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)

Population:
163,654,860 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9

Age structure:
0-14 years: 33% (male 27,393,912/female 26,601,199)
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 14,337,930/female 16,377,785)
25-54 years: 37.6% (male 29,091,046/female 32,455,670)
55-64 years: 5.7% (male 4,775,062/female 4,625,192)
65 years and over: 4.9% (male 3,918,341/female 4,078,723) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 53.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 46 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.3 %
potential support ratio: 13.6 (2013)

Median age:
total: 23.9 years
male: 23.4 years
female: 24.4 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.59% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76

Birth rate:
22.07 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76

Death rate:
5.67 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174

Net migration rate:
-0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136

Urbanization:
urban population: 28.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.96% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
DHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 4.816 million; Khulna 1.636 million; Rajshahi 853,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
18.1
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 48

Infant mortality rate:
total: 47.3 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 45
male: 49.79 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.36 years
country comparison to the world: 150
male: 68.48 years
female: 72.31 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.5 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
61.2% (2011/12)

Health expenditures:
3.7% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 174

Physicians density:
0.36 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital bed density:
0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 85% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 81% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 19% of population (2010 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 57% of population
rural: 55% of population
total: 56% of population
unimproved:
urban: 43% of population
rural: 45% of population
total: 44% of population (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
6,300 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
1.1% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 190

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
41.3% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 4

Education expenditures:
2.2% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 163

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 62%
female: 53.4% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2007)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 4,485,497
percentage: 13 % (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 9.3%
country comparison to the world: 112
male: 8%
female: 13.6% (2005)

 
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